[ LTR retrotransposons in plants: how much do we know?]

The chromosomes of plants are littered with retrotransposons that, in many cases, constitute as much as 80% of plant genomes. LTR retrotransposons have been especially successful colonizers of plant chromosomes. Examination of their function, evolution and dispersal is essential to the understanding the evolution of eukaryotic genomes.

[ Fungal retrotransposons: gain and loss, horizontal transfer, targeted inactivation ]

Fungi have small genomes, usually with limited amounts of repetitive DNA. Among the Eumycota, the younger evolutionary divisions, Ascomycota and Basidiomycota, have a strong tendency towards streamlined genomes. Representatives of Eumycota contain not more than 10-15% of repetitive DNA, including retrotransposons.

[ Mobile elements from butterflies: when non-LTR retrotransposons get wings ]

In Europe, Maculinea butterflies are an object of interest of evolutionary biologists and model species for biodiversity studies since they are considered vulnerable or threatened and also because of their fascinating biology. Genus Maculinea is very interesting model for evolutionary studies, including studies of non-LTR retrotransposons diversity and evolution. Moreover, non-LTR retrotransposons could be very useful as molecular markers in intraspecific phylogeography of Maculinea.

[ Other research projects ]